这个站点是如何搭建的

这篇文章将介绍博主在 Debian Jessie 上搭建 WordPress 博客的过程。

安装 HTTP 服务器

我使用的是 nginx 作为本站点的 HTTP 服务器

# aptitude install nginx

安装 PHP

# aptitude install php5 php5-fpm php5-mysql php5-cgi

安装数据库

数据库使用 mariadb

# aptitude install mariadb-server mariadb-client

创建数据库

# mysql -u root -p
mysql > CREATE DATABASE wordpress;
mysql > GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress.* TO wordpressuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
mysql > FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
mysql > exit

下载并解压 WordPress 安装包

# wget https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz
# tar -xf latest.tar.gz /var/www/wordpress

配置 HTTP 服务器

站点配置文件
/etc/nginx/sites-available/zhrichard.me

server {
    server_name zhrichard.me;
    root /var/www/zhrichard.me;

    index index.php;

    include global/restrictions.conf;

    # Additional rules go here.

    # Only include one of the files below.
    include global/wordpress.conf;
#  include global/wordpress-ms-subdir.conf;
#  include global/wordpress-ms-subdomain.conf;
}

全局限制
/etc/nginx/global/restrictions.conf

# Global restrictions configuration file.
# Designed to be included in any server {} block.
location = /favicon.ico {
    log_not_found off;
    access_log off;
}

location = /robots.txt {
    allow all;
    log_not_found off;
    access_log off;
}

# Deny all attempts to access hidden files such as .htaccess, .htpasswd, .DS_Store (Mac).
# Keep logging the requests to parse later (or to pass to firewall utilities such as fail2ban)
location ~ /\. {
    deny all;
}

# Deny access to any files with a .php extension in the uploads directory
# Works in sub-directory installs and also in multisite network
# Keep logging the requests to parse later (or to pass to firewall utilities such as fail2ban)
location ~* /(?:uploads|files)/.*\.php$ {
    deny all;
}

WordPress 规则
/etc/nginx/global/wordpress.conf

# WordPress single site rules.
# Designed to be included in any server {} block.

# This order might seem weird - this is attempted to match last if rules below fail.
# http://wiki.nginx.org/HttpCoreModule
location / {
    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
}

# Add trailing slash to */wp-admin requests.
rewrite /wp-admin$ $scheme://$host$uri/ permanent;

# Directives to send expires headers and turn off 404 error logging.
location ~* ^.+\.(ogg|ogv|svg|svgz|eot|otf|woff|mp4|ttf|rss|atom|jpg|jpeg|gif|png|ico|zip|tgz|gz|rar|bz2|doc|xls|exe|ppt|tar|mid|midi|wav|bmp|rtf)$ {
       access_log off; log_not_found off; expires max;
}

# Uncomment one of the lines below for the appropriate caching plugin (if used).
#include global/wordpress-wp-super-cache.conf;
#include global/wordpress-w3-total-cache.conf;

# Pass all .php files onto a php-fpm/php-fcgi server.
location ~ [^/]\.php(/|$) {
    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(/.*)$;
    if (!-f $document_root$fastcgi_script_name) {
        return 404;
    }
    # This is a robust solution for path info security issue and works with "cgi.fix_pathinfo = 1" in /etc/php.ini (default)

    include fastcgi_params;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
#  fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
    fastcgi_pass php;
}

修改 wp-config.php

在 wp-config.php 加入数据库相关的配置

. . .
// ** MySQL settings - You can get this info from your web host ** //
/** The name of the database for WordPress */
define('DB_NAME', 'wordpress');

/** MySQL database username */
define('DB_USER', 'wordpressuser');

/** MySQL database password */
define('DB_PASSWORD', 'password');
. . .

启动 HTTP 服务器并配置 WordPress

启动 nginx

# systemctl start nginx

访问 站点 即可配置 WordPress。

Troubleshooting

打开站点发现是空白页面

/etc/nginx/fastcgi_params 文件最后加入一行

fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME    $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

参考

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